Displacement, return, and vulnerability at the center of EDF
The EDF’s geographic coverage reflects displacement and return dynamics of Iraq, namely.locations with high density of internal displacement or high return affected by the recent war on the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). This includes Ninewa, Anbar, Salah al-Din, Kirkuk, Diyala, Baghdad, and the governorates of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. The EDF also targets other areas of concern and priority such as southern Iraq – characterized by water shortages and salinization–which are also at risk of increased displacement along with marginalized groups such as at-risk youth and female entrepreneurs.
The EDF partners with key stakeholders and establishes linkages with government-financed programmes, financial institutions, non-governmental organisations (NGOs), Community Resource Centres (CRCs), and job centres. The EDF also has economic linkages with IOM’s individual livelihoods support interventions through training and referral mechanisms, as they exert a demand stimulus in the local economy as well as provide skilled labourers sought by SMEs in the private sector, especially those selected and participating in the EDF programme.